AAP: Association of American Publishers http://www.publishers.org Trade association for US book publishers

AAR: Association of Authors’ Representatives http://aaronline.org Trade association for US literary agents

AAUP: Association of American University Presses  http://www.aaupnet.org  Trade association for US University Presses 

ABA: American Booksellers Association  http://www.bookweb.org Trade association for independent booksellers in the United States

ABAA: Antiquarian Bookseller’s Association of America  http://www.abaa.org Promotes ethical standards and professionalism in the antiquarian book trade

ABFFE: American Booksellers Foundation for Free Expression  http://www.abffe.org  The bookseller’s voice in the fight against censorship

ABM: American Business Media  http://www.abmassociation.com/abm/default.asp Association of business information providers, delivering business intelligence to industry, Madison Avenue, Wall Street and the Beltway

ABPA: American Book Producers Association http://www.abpaonline.org Trade association for independent book producers, also called packagers, in the United States and Canada

ACAP: Automated Content Access Protocol http://www.the-acap.org Making copyright work on the net

ACRL: Association of College and Research Libraries http://www.ala.org/acrl/ Professional association of academic librarians and other interested individuals (a division of the ALA)

ACTS: Advisory Commission on Textbook Specifications  The BMI group involved with textbook specifications

AEP: Association of Education Publishers (a division of AAP) http://www.aepweb.org  National, non-profit professional organization for educational publishers and content developers 

AF&PA American Forest and Paper Association   http://www.afandpa.org/  Serves to advance a sustainable U.S. pulp, paper, packaging, and wood products manufacturing industry through fact-based public policy and marketplace advocacy

AG: Authors Guild  http://www.authorsguild.org  Leading advocate for writers’ interests in effective copyright protection, fair contracts and free expression 

ALA: American Library Association http://www.ala.org  Non-profit trade association which promotes library service and librarianship

ALPSP: Association of Learned & Professional Society Publishers http://www.alpsp.org The the largest international trade association for scholarly and professional publishers

ANSI: American National Standards Institute www.ansi.org

APA: Audio Publishers Association  http://www.audiopub.org  Non-profit trade association for audio publishers

APC: Article Processing Charge  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Article_processing_charge  Charge levied for processing of an open access journal article 

API: Application Programming Interface  https://rhollick.wordpress.com/2013/03/04/apis/

APSS: Association of Publishers for Special Sales  http://www.spannet.org/page/community-policies  Non-profit trade association dedicated to advancing the interests and expertise of independent publishers and authors through educational opportunities and discounted services

ARC: Advance reading copy: a bound galley  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advance_copy

ARL: Association of Research Libraries  http://www.arl.org  Non-profit organization of 123 research libraries at comprehensive, research-extensive institutions in the US and Canada

ASCAP: American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers http://www.ascap.com  Protecting the use of its members’ musical works, monitoring broadcast, online and live usage and ensuring that music creators are fairly compensatedASME: American Society of Magazine Editors  http://www.magazine.org/asme  The principal organization for magazine journalists in USA

ASIN: Amazon Standardized Identifier Number  The in-house equivalent of ISBNs which has enabled Amazon to move beyond just book selling

ASME: American Society of Magazine Editors  http://www.magazine.org/asme  The principal organization for magazine journalists in USA

BA: Booksellers Association http://www.booksellers.org.uk  UK equivalent of ABA

BEA: Book Expo America  http://www.bookexpoamerica.com The large trade show usually held in New York

BIC: Book Industry Communication http://www.bic.org.uk  UK supply chain efficiency organization

BIEC: Book Industry Environmental Council  http://www.bookcouncil.org  Strives to benchmark, track and improve our industry’s environmental footprint

BINC: Book Industry Charitable Foundation http://www.bincfoundation.org To strengthen the bookselling community through charitable programs that support employees and their families

BIGNY: Book Industry Guild of New York  http://bookindustryguildofny.org   A member-operated professional organization of professionals from the book publishing and book manufacturing industries. Formerly Book Binders Guild of New York.

BISAC: Book Industry Standards and Communications https://www.bisg.org/bisac-subject-codes A system of industry standard subjects codes 

BISG: Book Industry Study Group  www.bisg.org  Non-profit trade association working to create a more informed, empowered and efficient book industry supply chain for both physical and digital products

BISG: Book Industry Strategy Group (Australia)   Link to website   Group founded to help Australian publishers to adjust to digital environment

BMI: Book Manufacturers’ Institute http://www.bmibook.org  Trade association for the book manufacturing industry

C1S: Coated one side  Paper description – usually for covers

C2S: Coated on both sides  Paper description

CBA: Association for Christian Retail  http://cbaonline.org  Trade association for the Christian Retail Channel 

CBC: Children’s Book Council  http://www.cbcbooks.org  Headquarters for Children’s Book Week and Young People’s Poetry Week

CCI: Center for Copyright Information http://www.copyrightinformation.org  A collaboration between the content community and Internet Services Providers (ISPs) to educate consumers about the importance of copyright protection

CCC: Copyright Clearance Center   http://www.copyright.com  A private, commercial, global rights broker for books, journals, blogs, & movies, originally established as a not-for-profit service 

CIROBE: Chicago International Remainder & Overstock Book Exhibition  http://www.cirobe.com

CIF: Cost Insurance & Freight  https://rhollick.wordpress.com/2010/09/30/shipping-to-usa-from-overseas/

CIP: Cataloging in Publication http://www.loc.gov/publish/cip/  A bibliographic record prepared by the Library of Congress for a book that has not yet been published

CMYK: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black  https://rhollick.wordpress.com/2014/01/05/color/  The four process ink colors

COPE: Committee on Publication Ethics   http://www.publicationethics.org  A forum for editors and publishers of peer reviewed journals to discuss all aspects of publication ethics.

DOI: Digital Object Identifier  http://www.doi.org

DPI: Dots per inch http://99designs.com/designer-blog/2013/02/26/ppi-vs-dpi-whats-the-difference/

DRM: Digital Rights Management  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_rights_management

EBMA: Educational Book & Media Association http://www.edupaperback.org  An association of distributors and publishers of trade paperback books and audio materials to the school, college, and/or library markets

EBITDA: Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization http://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/ebitda.asp An indicator of a company’s financial performance, often quoted instead of “profit”

EBSCO http://www.ebsco.com  Provider of database services to library markets

ECPA: Evangelical Christian Publishers Association  http://www.ecpa.org  International non-profit trade organization comprised of member companies that are involved in the publishing and distribution of Christian content worldwide

EDI: Electronic Data Interchange

EFA: Editorial Freelancers Association http://www.the-efa.org/about.php  An association of  publishing freelancers

EMA: Envelope Manufacturers Association http://www.envelope.org/

EPA: Environmental Protection Agency  http://www.epa.gov/


F&Gs: A set of folded and gathered signatures

FOB: Free on Board  https://rhollick.wordpress.com/2010/09/30/shipping-to-usa-from-overseas/

FSC: Forest Stewardship Council  https://us.fsc.org  Promoting environmentally sound, socially beneficial, and economically prosperous management of the world’s forests 

GIF: Graphics Interchange Format  https://rhollick.wordpress.com/2013/05/02/gif/ 

GPI: Green Press Initiative  http://www.greenpressinitiative.org  Advancing sustainable patterns of production and consumption in the US book and newspaper industries, and in the paper industry at large

HBI/LBI: Hardcover Binders International/Library Binding Institute http://www.lbibinders.org  Trade association for hardcover & library repair binders. Now merging with BMI

IBPA: The Independent Book Publishers Association http://www.ibpa-online.org Largest non-profit trade association representing independent publishers

ICC: International Color Consortium  http://www.color.org  Trade group that promotes the use and adoption of open, vendor-neutral, cross-platform color management systems

IDPF: International Digital Publishers Forum  http://idpf.org  Trade group that develops and maintains the EPUB standard

IPA: The Independent Publishers Awards http://www.ipg.uk.com/awards UK awards run jointly by IPG, The Bookseller, and the London Book Fair

IPG: The Independent Publishers Guild http://www.ipg.uk.com/home UK trade association representing independent publishers

ISBN: International Standard Book Number https://rhollick.wordpress.com/2010/09/19/bookland-ean-isbns/

ISMN: International Standard Music Number  http://www.ismn-international.org

ISNI: International Standard Name Identifier  http://www.isni.org

ISSN: International Standard Serial Number  http://www.issn.org

ISTC: International Standard Text Code  http://www.istc-international.org/html/

ITI: Information Technology Industry Council  http://www.itic.org  The premiere voice, advocate, and thought leader for the information and communications technology (ICT) industry

LMP: Literary Market Place http://www.literarymarketplace.com Reference book listing all book publishers and manufacturers

LPC: Library Publishing Coalition  http://www.librarypublishing.org  Our goal is to explore how to better serve the scholarly communication needs of the academic community, through sustainable, innovative library publishing solutions aligned with institutional missions.

M Weight: the weight of 1000 sheets of paper in the standard size for that grade (25″ x 38″ for book paper)  https://rhollick.wordpress.com/2010/09/20/basis-weight/ 

MARC: MAchine-Readable Cataloging  http://www.loc.gov/marc/  Data format in which most library catalogs are now stored. Initiated by Library of Congress 

MSST: The Manufacturing Standards and Specifications for Textbooks   The textbook manufacturing specifications issued by ACTS

NACS: National Association of College Stores http://www.nacs.org Leading resource and advocate for the higher education retail market

NAIPR: National Association of Independent Publishers Representatives  http://www.naipr.org/Home.html  Trade association of more than 200 commission sales reps and 500 publishers and other Associate Members

NASTA: National Association of State Textbook Administrators   The organization which formulated textbook manufacturing specifications

NAW: National Association of Wholesaler-Distributors  http://www.naw.org Encompasses over 100 national line-of-trade associations

NBA: National Book Awards

NBF: National Book Foundation  http://www.nationalbook.org  Oversees the National Book Awards 

NBN: National Book Network  http://www.nbnbooks.com An independent marketing and distribution company

NISO: National Information Standards Organization http://www.niso.org/home/  Maintains several key, book industry standards in the U.S.

NPES: Association for Suppliers of Printing and Publishing Technologies http://www.npes.org Trade association of over 400 companies which manufacture and distribute equipment, systems, software, supplies used in printing, publishing and converting

NPTA: National Paper Trade Association  http://www.gonpta.com/  Association for the paper distribution channel, serving the printing, publishing, catalog, direct mail, imaging, retail and corporate markets.

OCLC: Online Computer Library Center (Originally Ohio College Library Center) http://www.oclc.org/en-US/home.html  Worldwide library cooperative

ONIX: ONline Information eXchange  http://www.editeur.org/8/ONIX/  International standard for computer-to-computer communication. Initially developed by EDItEUR, BIC and BISG

PA: Publishers Association  http://www.publishers.org.uk UK equivalent of AAP

PEN American Center(P.E.N. = poets, playwrights, essayists, editors, and novelists) https://www.pen.org  International literary and human rights organization

PBAA: Periodical and Book Association of America  http://www.pbaa.net  Non-profit organization for publishers, distributors, wholesalers, retailers, consultants and industry service providers

PDF: Portable Document Format   http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/adobepdf.html

PE: Printer’s error  https://rhollick.wordpress.com/2012/10/18/record-pe/ (Contrast with AA, author’s error and EA, Editor’s error)

PLR: Public Lending Right http://www.plr.uk.com  A national system in UK whereby authors receive payment for the lending of their books by libraries. A similar system, Public Lending Remuneration, operates in Ireland

POD: Print on demand 

PPB: Paper, Printing and Binding (costs) https://rhollick.wordpress.com/2010/10/31/economics-of-the-book/

PPI: Pages Per Inch  https://rhollick.wordpress.com/2010/10/01/ppi/  A measure of the thickness of paper

PPI: Pixels per inch http://99designs.com/designer-blog/2013/02/26/ppi-vs-dpi-whats-the-difference/

PSP: Professional/Scholarly Publishing (a division of AAP)

RAN: Rainforest Action Network: Rainforest Action Network http://ran.org  Campaigns for the forests, their inhabitants, and systems

RFID: Radio Frequency ID http://www.editeur.org/90/RFID/

RROs: Reproduction Rights Organizations  http://support.copyright.com/index.php?action=article&id=195&relid=32

SHARP: Society for the History of Authorship, Reading and Publishing http://www.sharpweb.org  An academic list serve

 SFI: Sustainable Forestry Initiative http://www.sfiprogram.org/  An independent, nonprofit organization that is solely responsible for maintaining, overseeing and improving the internationally recognized Sustainable Forestry Initiative® (SFI®) program. 

SPAN: Small Publishers of North America — see APSS

SPARC: Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition http://sparcopen.org  Enabling the open sharing of research outputs and educational materials in order to democratize access to knowledge

STOPP: Stop Tariffs on Print and Publishers. A coalition of printers, publishers, and paper suppliers, as well as their associated trade groups,

TAPPI: Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry  http://www.tappi.org  Professional organization dedicated to the pulp and paper industries

UPC: Universal Product Code http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Product_Code  Barcode symbology on which the ISBN is based

WNBA: Women’s National Book Association  http://www.wnba-books.org Promotes reading and supports the role of women in the book community

W3C: World Wide Web Consortium http://www.w3.org develops open standards to ensure the long-term growth of the Web.

YALSA: Young Adult Library Services Association  http://www.ala.org/yalsa/  A division of ALA